Philosopher and Nobel Prize laureate Bertrand Russell once wrote, "Religion is based primarily and mainly upon fear. It is partly the terror of the unknown and partly the wish to feel that you have a kind of elder brother who will stand by you in all your troubles and disputes. Fear is the basis of the whole thing - fear of the mysterious, fear of defeat, fear of death. Fear is the parent of cruelty, and therefore it is no wonder if cruelty and religion have gone hand in hand. It is because fear is at the basis of those two things."
In today's episode, Hayley speaks with a former Muslim and a former Hasidic Jew about this idea of fear. Both Mustapha (former Muslim) and Celia (former Hasidic) grew up in very different religions in very different regions of the world, and yet both have shared similar struggles and feelings when deciding to leave their religions behind, and how they are now reorganizing and living their lives outside of these religions.